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American Eskimo

 

General Description:

The American Eskimo Dog breed was developed in the United States from the German Spitz of Northern Europe. They usually have distinctive black noses, lips and eyelids. As a Nordic-type dog, Eskies have a double coat, plume-like curled tail, and erect triangular ears. They are often mistaken as a small or mixed Samoyed. Although once used as a circus dog, they are primarily companion dogs today and participate in conformation, obedience and agility competitions.

 

Size:

Females: Preferred height at the withers is 11-18 inches, and roughly 15-33 pounds. Males: Preferred height at the withers is 12-19 inches, and roughly 18-40 pounds.

 

Color:

American Eskimos are always white, although some have biscuit/cream markings. They have brown eyes and dark points (nose, lips, pads).

 

Energy Level:

Moderate - The Eskie learns quickly and is eager to please his owner, but requires daily exercise.

 

Life expectancy:

13 to 16 years

 

Children:

Not all Eskies are good with children, particularly children outside their family, but properly socialized American Eskimos can be excellent with children and families.

 

Other animals:

In general, American Eskimos are very tolerant of other animals. They will, however, alert to strange dogs around their home or humans.

 

Abilities:

The American Eskimo a strong, powerful dog for its size. It is a trotting breed, giving one the impression that it is able to trot for extended periods without tiring. It is a robust dog with a sound constitution; a happy, outgoing dog that bonds closely with humans. It is quick and agile, with an excellent herding instinct. It is ready to serve in Agility, Obedience, Herding, Tracking, Search & Rescue, service Dog, Therapy, or as a devoted companion.

 

Shedding/Grooming:

The American Eskimo coat naturally repels dirt and odor. The amount of coat can vary with genetics, age, health, nutrition, and temperature. Eskies generally shed twice a year with the change of the seasons in the spring and fall. There is some year round shedding, which is minimized by proper diet and grooming. Regular brushing is recommended to prevent matting.

 

Health:

Generally, the American Eskimo is a very healthy breed. Poor nutrition and lack of grooming can contribute to skin conditions. Late-onset PRA (progressive retinal atrophy) is a genetic disorder that can cause blindness, with symptoms typically appearing between the ages of 5 and 9. A DNA test can determine if a dog is affected and reputable breeders test their breeding stock.

 

Best with:

American Eskimo Dogs are inherently companion dogs. They are happiest when they are with their guardians, and when treated as a family member. Eskies are intelligent, loving, and are wonderful watchdogs. Eskies are quick to alert the family of the arrival of strangers at their house. They need an “alpha” owner who is willing be a strong leader. If given the opportunity an Eskie will inappropriately take charge.

 

Not for:

Eskies require human companionship and loving attention. They are not a dog to be ignored. Left alone too much they may become bored, destructive, and bark excessively. They are a challenging, mentally active, and delightful breed but require a smart, strong human leader. With positive reinforcement training and attention, American Eskimo Dogs learn quickly and are eager to please.

 

Pros:

The American Eskimo is one of the most intelligent of all canine breeds and can be trained to do most any task. They are very curious. They will examine changes in their environment with a wary, yet inquisitive eye. Their antics while playing will often cause you to grin or even laugh. Eskies are very social and very aware of their family. They are very loving and always seem to know when a family member needs to be cheered-up or to simply be loved.

 

Cons:

Shedding, wary of strangers, can be very vocal, can become over-protective of their humans and property if not well socialized.

 

Further Information:

AKC website

Breed Details

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