As one of the world’s most popular small breeds, the French Bulldog is a playful, friendly, curious, and affectionate companion.
The French Bulldog was originally bred in Paris, France during the 1800s by crossing bulldogs imported from England with French dogs bred for chasing rats.
Records were not kept of the breed’s development as it diverged further away from its original Bulldog roots. Some breed experts believe terrier and pug stock may have been brought in to develop traits such as the French Bulldog’s long straight ears, and the roundness of their eyes.
French Bulldogs are first and foremost a companion dog, requiring close contact with its humans; being left alone can cause destructive behaviors. Most are friendly with strangers, although some can be politely reserved. They are often nicknamed the “clown” of the dog world due to their fun, loving, vivacious nature.
- People who want a constant companion.
- People willing to provide early socialization and training.
- People who are gone from home frequently.
- People who don’t like a dog that drools.
- People oriented dogs who want very much to please.
- Easy to train.
- Relatively docile.
- Generally quiet (may bark to announce visitors).
- Can be stubborn.
- Can be difficult to house train.
- Prone to drooling, flatulence, and some shedding.
25 to 28 pounds on average; 11 to 13 inches at the shoulder.
Various shades of brindle, fawn, tan, or white with brindle patches (known as “pied”). The most common colors are brindle, then fawn, with pieds being less common than the other colors. The breed clubs do not recognize any other colors or patterns because some colors have been linked with genetic health problems not usually found in the breed, most notably blue coloration, which is linked with a form of alopecia (hair loss or baldness), sometimes known as “Blue Dog Alopecia.”
Between 9 to 13 years.
French Bulldogs are typically affectionate and patient with children; female Frenchies can be protective of their family’s children.
French Bulldogs are generally peaceful with other pets when properly introduced. Some like to hunt small rodents. Some male Frenchies may bicker with other males.
Loyal companion, first and foremost. They can also excel at tricks, using fun, creative, reward-based training.
The French Bulldog sheds very little; their short, fine, smooth coat is easy to groom. Twice a year they lose their undercoat.
The French Bulldog’s flat, compressed nose compromises their breathing and can make it extremely difficult for them to regulate their temperature; care must be taken not to over-exert this breed, particularly in warm or humid weather, as they are prone to heat stroke.
Known health issues can include locating patella (dislocation of the kneecap); back, disk and spinal diseases and disorders; and eye issues including glaucoma, retinal fold dysplasia, corneal ulcers and juvenile cataracts.